Project Euler problem 21 is to find the sum of all amicable numbers under 10000. An amicable number is:
Let d(n) be the sum of proper divisors of n then d(a)=b and d(b)=a if a!=b then a and b are amicable numbers.
Brute force approach first in Python:
amicables = set() # LIMIT is the value tested up to LIMIT = 10000 def factorize(number): factors =  for i in range(1, number): if number % i == 0: factors.append(i) return(factors) def amicable(a): # Let d(n) is the sum of proper divisors of n (less than n that # divide into n) d(a) = b and d(b)=a if a!=b then a and b are # amicable numbers. Da = sum(factorize(a)) Db = sum(factorize(Da)) if Db == Da: return None if Db == a: if Db > Da: return (Da, Db) return (Db, Da) for value in range(1, LIMIT): test = amicable(value) if test != None: amicables.add(test) print(amicables) total=0 for amicable in amicables: total = total + sum(amicable) print(total)